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Trinity College in the University of Toronto

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provided by the G20 Research Group


2017 Hamburg G20 Summit
Interim Compliance Report

For the period of 8 July 2017 to 9 January/5 March 2018

Prepared by Sophie Barnett, Hélène Emorine and the G20 Research Group, Toronto,
and Irina Popova, Andrey Shelepov, Andrei Sakharov and Alexander Ignatov and the Center for International Institutions Research
of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow

5 August 2018

"The University of Toronto … produced a detailed analysis to the extent of which each G20 country has met its commitments since the last summit … I think this is important; we come to these summits, we make these commitments, we say we are going to do these things and it is important that there is an organisation that checks up on who has done what."

— David Cameron, Prime Minister, United Kingdom, at the 2012 Los Cabos Summit

The 2017 Hamburg G20 Summit Interim Compliance Report reviews progress made on ten commitments were assessed based on actions taken between 8 July 2017 to 5 March 2018, and seven were assessed based on actions taken between 8 July 2017 and 9 January 2018.

A report on the full compliance period between the 2017 Hamburg Summit and the 2018 Buenos Aires Summit will be released on the eve of the Buenos Aires Summit in November 2018.

Download the full 2017 Hamburg G20 Summit Interim Compliance Report (PDF, 659 pages) or read the executive summary with the scores below.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Since the G20 leaders met at their first summit in 2008 in Washington, the G20 Research Group at the University of Toronto and the Center for International Institutions Research of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), formerly with the International Organizations Research Institute at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), in Moscow have produced reports on their progress in implementing the priority commitments made at each summit. These reports monitor each G20 member's efforts to implement a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments produced at each summit. The reports are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G20 more transparent, accessible and effective, and to provide scientific data to enable the meaningful analysis of the causes of compliance and the impact of this important informal international institution. Previous reports are available at the G20 Information Centre at G20 Information Centre.

The G20 Research Group has been working with Marina Larionova's team at RANEPA and previously at HSE since initiating this G20 compliance research in 2009, after the Washington Summit in November 2008. The initial report, covering only one commitment made at that summit, tested the compliance methodology developed by the G8 Research Group and adapted it to the G20.

To make its assessments, the G20 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity, we encourage comments from stakeholders. Indeed, scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous. Responsibility for the contents of this report lies exclusively with the authors and analysts of the G20 Research Group.

Professor John Kirton
Co-director, G20 Research Group

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Introduction and Summary

The G20 2017 Hamburg Interim Compliance Report is prepared by the G20 Research Group based at the University of Toronto and its Russian partners at the Center for International Institutions Research of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). The report analyzes compliance by G20 members with a selection of 17 priority commitments of a total of 531 commitments made at the Hamburg Summit hosted by Germany on 7-8 July 2017. The report covers relevant actions taken by the G20 members between 8 July 2017 to 5 March 2018 for the commitments monitored by the G20 Research Group, and 8 July 2017 to 9 January 2018 for the commitments monitored by RANEPA. This timeframe allows for an assessment of compliance at the midway point between the 2017 Hamburg Summit and the 2018 Buenos Aires Summit, which will be hosted by Argentina on 30 November and 1 December 2018.

Methodology and Scoring System

This report draws on the methodology developed by the G8 Research Group, which has been monitoring G7/8 compliance since 1996 (the International Organisations Research Institute at the Higher School of Economics (IORI HSE) joined this multiyear project in 2005, and Bond University participated in 2014). The use of this methodology builds cross-institutional and cross-member consistency and also allows compatibility with compliance assessments of other institutions.

The methodology uses a scale from −1 to +1, where +1 indicates full compliance with the stated commitment, −1 indicates a failure to comply or action taken that is directly opposite to the stated instruments or goal of the commitment, and 0 indicates partial compliance or work in progress, such as initiatives that have been launched but are not yet near completion and whose full results can therefore not be assessed. Each member assessed receives a score of −1, 0 or +1 for each commitment. For convenience, the scores in the tables have been converted to percentages, where −1 equals 0 per cent and +1 equals 100 per cent.

[The formula to convert a score into a percentage is P = 50 × (S + 1), where P is the percentage and S is the score.]

A −1 compliance score does not necessarily imply an unwillingness to comply on the part of G20 members. In some cases, policy actions can take multiple compliance cycles to implement and measure. As the G20 Research Group and RANEPA (formerly the research team at IORI HSE) continue to monitor developments, progress made by members can be recorded in future compliance reports.

The Compliance Coding Manual that describes the methodology in detail is available on the G20 Information Centre website at http://www.g20.utoronto.ca/analysis/index.html#method.

Commitment Breakdown

The G20 made a total of 531 commitments at the Hamburg Summit. These commitments, as identified by the G20 Research Group and RANEPA, are drawn from the official G20 Leaders’ Declaration, G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter, Hamburg Update: Taking Forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda, Hamburg Action Plan, G20 Initiative for Rural Youth Employment, G20 Hamburg Climate and Energy Action Plan for Growth, G20 Initiative “#eSkills4Girls,” Leaders’ Statement on Countering Terrorism, and G20 Africa Partnership.

[A commitment is defined as a discrete, specific, publicly expressed, collectively agreed statement of intent; a promise by summit members that they will undertake future action to move toward, meet or adjust to an identified target. More details are contained in the Reference Manual for Summit Commitment and Compliance Coding).]

Selection of Commitments

For each compliance cycle (that is, the period between summits), the research team selects commitments that reflect the breadth of the G20 agenda and also reflect the priorities of the summit’s host, while balancing the selection to allow for comparison with past and future summits, following the methodology developed by the G8 Research Group. The selection also replicates the breakdown of issue areas and the proportion of commitments in each one. Primary criteria for priority commitment selection are the comprehensiveness and relevance to the summit, the G20 and the world, as well as individual and collective pledges. Selected commitments must also meet secondary criteria of performance measurability and ability to comply to some degree within a year, as well as tertiary criteria of significance as identified by scientific teams and relevant stakeholders in the host country.

For the 2017 Hamburg Interim Compliance Report, 17 priority commitments were selected for assessment by the University of Toronto and RANEPA teams from the 531 commitments made at the Hamburg Summit (see Table 1).

Interim Compliance Scores

The assessment is based on relevant, publicly available information relating to actions taken from 8 July 2017 to 9 January 2018 or 5 March 2018, depending on whether the commitment is being monitored by RANEPA or the G20 Research Group. The interim compliance scores by commitment are contained in Table 2. Country rankings are listed in Table 5 and commitment rankings are listed in Table 8.

For the full interim report and including all 17 priority commitments, G20 members achieved an average final compliance score of +0.70, which translates to 85%.

Interim Compliance by Member

For compliance with the Hamburg Summit’s priority commitments at the midway point between summits, Canada and the Euroean Union have the highest rate of compliance at +0.94 (97%), followed by Australia at +0.59 (79%), and Germany and China at +0.82 (91%). The lowest scoring member is tied at Turkey and Saudi Arabia with +0.35 (68%). The difference between the highest and lowest G20 member compliance scores is +0.59. For more information about compliance by G20 members, see Table 11.

Interim Compliance by Commitment

This particular compliance cycle has produced a high level of compliance for several areas so far. The commitment on financial regulation (Basel III) and international taxation (base erosion and profit shifting) ranked highest at +1.00 (100%), followed by the commitment on digitalization at +0.95 (98%) and on the Sustainable Development Goals at +0.85 (93%). The lowest score was on corruption at +0.25 (63%). For more information on scoring by commitment, see Table 8.

Conclusions

G20 compliance performance for the chosen priority commitments, measured as a summit average, improved incrementally from the 2009 London Summit and 2009 Pittsburgh Summit (both at 62%) to the 2010 Toronto Summit (64%) and then rose with the 2010 Seoul Summit (75%), the 2011 Cannes Summit (77%) and the 2012 Los Cabos Summit (79%). With the 2013 St. Petersburg Summit, compliance dropped to 72% and the compliance with the 2014 Brisbane Summit commitments dropped to 71%. The final score for the 2015 Antalya Summit was 77%. The final score for the 2016 Hangzhou Summit is 80%. If the G20 can improve its performance on delivering on its promises, it may validate its claim for legitimacy as a global governance institution.

Many of the commitments assessed in this report have timelines that extend beyond the 2017 Hamburg Summit or reflect medium- and long-term priorities. A unique feature of this report is the incorporation of deadlines for commitments monitored over multiple compliance cycles. The convergence of medium- and long-term commitments and those with deadlines in the near future reflects the nature of G20 decisions as a crisis management forum and a global governance steering institution. It also illustrates the multifaceted nature of compliance assessment. As the relationship among short, medium, and long-term commitments becomes clearer, the compliance landscape for many of these priority commitments may change over the course of future compliance periods.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained in this report provides G20 members and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance in the period immediately following the Hamburg Summit. This report has been produced as an invitation for others to provide additional or more complete information on compliance during the period under study. Feedback should be sent to g20@utoronto.ca.

Considerations and Limitations

Several elements affect the findings contained in this report. While the purpose of the report is to monitor compliance with G20 commitments, it is necessary to ensure that the monitoring mechanism is realistic and considers the context within which the commitments are made. With new commitments, more attention must be paid to the initial implementation constraints faced by members. One way to accommodate these constraints is to regard the intent to implement policy measures as an illustration of compliance, or being "on track" towards compliance. This initial leeway should only be granted for new commitments; intent is not a suitable indicator of compliance for medium-term or longstanding commitments. Over time as commitments become integrated in the G20 compliance mechanism, compliance guidelines should become more stringent (as members become more accustomed to the nature of the issue and the requirements for compliance).

See also Appendix: General Considerations

Appendix: General Considerations

In evaluating the results of this report, the following considerations should be kept in mind.

Assessments contained in this report apply to commitment-related actions taken by G20 members only since the commitments were declared publicly at the last summit.

Compliance has been assessed against a selected set of priority commitments, rather than all commitments contained in the summit documents. The selection is intended to produce a representative subset of the total body of commitments. An ideal set of priority commitments represents proportionally the amount of attention paid to each policy area in summit documents, reflects the relative ambition of summit commitments, and holds as many G20 members to account for compliance as possible.

In addition to producing commitments, summits provide value by establishing new principles and norms, creating and highlighting issues and issue areas and altering the traditional discourse used to discuss priorities. Some of the most important decisions reached at summits may be done in private and not encoded in the public record of the summit documents.

Some commitments cover several years and thus compliance takes longer than the summit-tosummit timeframe applied in this report. For this reason, full compliance (denoted by a +1 score) might not require that G20 members carry out a given commitment completely, but might instead demand clear, visible progress commensurate with the overall timetable as well as public statements of support of commitment objectives.

In some cases, a G20 member might choose not to comply with a particular summit commitment for good reason, for example if global conditions have changed dramatically since the commitment was made or if new knowledge has become available about how a particular problem can best be solved.

As each G20 member has its own constitutional, legal and institutional processes for undertaking action at the national level (and in the case of the European Union at the supranational level), each member is free to act according to its own legislative schedule. Of particular importance here is the annual schedule for creating budgets, seeking legislative approval and appropriating funds.

Commitments in G20 summit documents might also be included, in whole or in part, in documents released by other international forums, as the decisions of other international organizations or even national statements such as the State of the Union Address in the United States, the Queen's Speech in the United Kingdom and the Speech from the Throne in Canada. Merely repeating a G20 commitment in another forum does not count fully as compliant behaviour.

This report assesses G20 members' action in accordance with the text of actual, specific commitments made in G20 summit documents. Because commitments demand that policymakers and regulators act specifically to meet the identified objectives, this report holds policymakers accountable for pushing and passing recommended policies. Furthermore, compliance is assessed against the precise, particular commitment, rather than what might be regarded as a necessary or appropriate action to solve the problem being addressed.

As individual members can take different actions to comply with the same commitment, no standardized cross-national evaluative criterion can be universally applied. The interpretive guidelines attempt to provide an equitable method for assessing compliance.

Because the evaluative scale used in this compliance report runs from −1 to +1, any score in the positive range represents at least some degree of compliance.


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Table 1: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Commitments Selected for Compliance Monitoring

1 Climate Change: Energy and Energy Efficiency "We remain collectively committed to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions through, among others, increased innovation on sustainable and clean energies and energy efficiency." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
2 Corruption: Resilience "We commit to organising our public administrations to be more resilient against corruption." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
3 Digitalization: Digital Economy "We aim to foster favourable conditions for the development of the digital economy." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
4 Gender: Access to Labour Markets "We will improve women's access to labour markets through the provision of quality education and training, supporting infrastructure, public services and social protection policies and legal reforms, where appropriate." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
5 Health: Health System Strengthening "We strive for cooperative action to strengthen health systems worldwide, including through developing the health workforce." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
6 Macroeconomics: Inclusive Business Ecosystems "Facilitate learning, dialogue and exchanges of experiences and good practices among all stakeholders such as the private sector and governments with the objective of agreeing on the characteristics of productive inclusive business ecosystems and developing effective policy instruments and practical tools." (Hamburg Update: Taking Forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda)
7 Migration: Addressing Needs "We commit to addressing the distinct needs of refugees and migrants, in particular close to their region of origin and, when applicable, to enable them to return home safely." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
8 Sustainable Development Goals: Alignment "We commit to further align our actions with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, domestically and internationally, including in support of developing countries and the provision of public goods." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shapping an Interconnected World)
9 Tax Administration: Fair and Modern System "We will continue our work for a globally fair and modern international tax system." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
10 Trade: Trade and Investment Frameworks "We will keep markets open noting the importance of reciprocal and mutually advantageous trade and investment frameworks and the principle of non-discrimination, and continue to fight protectionism including all unfair trade practices." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
11 International Taxation: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting "We remain committed to the implementation of the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
12 Financial Regulation: Basel III "We will work to finalise the Basel III framework without further significantly increasing overall capital requirements across the banking sector, while promoting a level playing field." (G20 Leaders' Declaration: Shaping an Interconnected World)
13 Development: Digital and Financial Literacy "Strengthen digital and financial literacy and capability" (Hamburg Update: Taking Forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda)
14 Climate Change: Climate Resilience "The G20 will promote adaptation efforts and cooperation on climate resilience within the G20 and beyond." (G20 Hamburg Climate and Energy Action Plan for Growth)
15 Environment: Waste Reduction "Promote public information campaigns for citizens and businesses to reduce waste generation, to re-use and to facilitate their participation in waste collection systems and to avoid littering." (G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter)
16 Food and Agriculture: Information and Communications Technologies "Promote information and communication technology (ICT) applications and skills in agriculture to strengthen productivity and efficiency in the value chain." (Hamburg Update: Taking Forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda)
17 Energy: Sustainable Energy "Foster investment in sustainable energy projects and better regional connection with existing and well-established institutions and programs." (Hamburg Update: Taking Forward the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda)

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Table 2: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance Scores — All

  Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Korea Mexico Russia Saudi Arabia South Africa Turkey United Kingdom United States European Union Average
1 Climate Change: Energy and Energy Efficiency +1 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 +1 −1 +1 +0.40 70%
2 Corruption: Resilience 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 −1 0 +1 0 0 +1 0 0 +1 −1 −1 +1 0 0 +0.25 63%
3 Digitalization: Digital Economy +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.95 98%
4 Gender: Access to Labour Markets 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 −1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +0.50 75%
5 Health: Health System Strengthening +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.80 90%
6 Macroeconomics: Inclusive Business Ecosystems +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.75 88%
7 Migration: Addressing Needs +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 0 +1 +0.40 70%
8 Sustainable Development Goals: Alignment 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.85 93%
9 Tax Administration: Fair and Modern System +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.90 95%
10 Trade: Trade and Investment Frameworks +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +0.70 85%
11 International Taxation: BEPS +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00 100%
12 Financial Regulation: Basel III +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00 100%
13 Development: Digital and Financial Literacy +1 +1 0 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.60 80%
14 Climate Change: Climate Resilience +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 −1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.65 83%
15 Environment: Waste Reduction +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.70 85%
16 Food and Agriculture: ICT +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 −1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.65 83%
17 Energy: Sustainable Energy +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 0 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
+0.82 +0.59 +0.71 +0.94 +0.82 +0.88 +0.82 +0.76 +0.88 +0.71 +0.65 +0.65 +0.65 +0.59 +0.35 +0.47 +0.35 +0.88 +0.47 +0.94 +0.70 85%
91% 79% 85% 97% 91% 94% 91% 88% 94% 85% 82% 82% 82% 79% 68% 74% 68% 94% 74% 97% 85%

Note: BEPS = Base Erosion and Profit Sharing; ICT = Information and Communications Technologies.

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Table 3: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance Scores — G20 Research Group

    Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Korea Mexico Russia Saudi Arabia South Africa Turkey United Kingdom United States European Union Average
1 Climate Change: Energy and Energy Efficiency +1 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 +1 −1 +1 +0.40 70%
2 Corruption: Resilience 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 −1 0 +1 0 0 +1 0 0 +1 −1 −1 +1 0 0 +0.25 63%
3 Digitalization: Digital Economy +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.95 98%
4 Gender: Access to Labour Markets 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 −1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +0.50 75%
5 Health: Health System Strengthening +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +0.80 90%
6 Macroeconomics: Inclusive Business Ecosystems +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.75 88%
7 Migration: Addressing Needs +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 0 0 0 0 0 +1 0 0 +1 +0.40 70%
8 Sustainable Development Goals: Alignment 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.85 93%
9 Tax Administration: Fair and Modern System +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.90 95%
10 Trade: Trade and Investment Frameworks +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +0.70 85%
+0.70 +0.50 +0.80 +1.00 +0.90 +0.80 +0.70 +0.60 +0.80 +0.70 +0.50 +0.80 +0.40 +0.40 +0.50 +0.50 +0.50 +0.80 +0.20 +0.90 +0.65 83%
85% 75% 90% 100% 95% 90% 85% 80% 90% 85% 75% 90% 70% 70% 75% 75% 75% 90% 60% 95% 83%  

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Table 4: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance Scores — CIIR

    Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Korea Mexico Russia Saudi Arabia South Africa Turkey United Kingdom United States European Union Average
11 International Taxation: BEPS +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00 100%
12 Financial Regulation: Basel III +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1.00 100%
13 Development: Digital and Financial Literacy +1 +1 0 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 0 0 +1 +1 0 +1 +0.60 80%
14 Climate Change: Climate Resilience +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 −1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.65 83%
15 Environment: Waste Reduction +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.70 85%
16 Food and Agriculture: ICT +1 +1 0 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 +1 −1 0 −1 +1 +1 +1 +0.65 83%
17 Energy: Sustainable Energy +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 0 +1 0 +1 0 +1 0 0 +1 +1 +1 +0.75 88%
+0.82 +0.59 +0.71 +0.94 +0.82 +0.88 +0.82 +0.76 +0.88 +0.71 +0.65 +0.65 +0.65 +0.59 +0.35 +0.47 +0.35 +0.88 +0.47 +0.94 +0.70 85%
91% 79% 85% 97% 91% 94% 91% 88% 94% 85% 82% 82% 82% 79% 68% 74% 68% 94% 74% 97% 85%  

Note: BEPS = Base Erosion and Profit Sharing; ICT = Information and Communications Technologies.

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Table 5: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Member — All

Rank Member Average
1 Canada +0.94 97%
European Union
3 France +0.88 94%
Indonesia
United Kingdom
6 Argentina +0.82 91%
China
Germany
9 India +0.76 88%
10 Brazil +0.71 85%
Italy
12 Japan +0.65 82%
Korea
Mexico
15 Australia +0.59 79%
Russia
17 South Africa +0.47 74%
United States
19 Saudi Arabia +0.35 68%
Turkey

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Table 6: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Member — G20 Research Group

Rank Member Average
1 Canada +1.00 100%
2 China +0.90 95%
European Union
4 Brazil +0.80 90%
France
Indonesia
Korea
United Kingdom
9 Argentina +0.70 85%
Germany
Italy
12 India +0.60 80%
13 Australia +0.50 75%
Japan
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
Turkey
18 Mexico +0.40 70%
Russia
20 United States +0.20 60%

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Table 7: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Member — CIIR

Rank Member Average
1 Argentina +1.00 100%
European Union
France
Germany
India
Indonesia
Mexico
United Kingdom
9 Canada +0.86 93%
Japan
Russia
United States
13 Australia +0.71 86%
China
Italy
16 Brazil +0.57 79%
17 Korea +0.43 71%
South Africa
19 Saudi Arabia +0.14 57%
Turkey

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Table 8: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Commitment — All

Rank Commitment Average
1 Financial Regulation: Basel III +1.00 100%
International Taxation: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting
3 Digitalization: Digital Economy +0.95 98%
4 Tax Administration: Fair and Modern System +0.90 95%
5 Sustainable Development Goals: Alignment +0.85 93%
6 Health: Health System Strengthening +0.80 90%
7 Energy: Sustainable Energy +0.75 88%
Macroeconomics: Inclusive Business Ecosystems
9 Environment: Waste Reduction +0.70 85%
Trade: Trade and Investment Frameworks
11 Climate Change: Climate Resilience +0.65 83%
Food and Agriculture: Information and Communications Technologies
13 Development: Digital and Financial Literacy +0.60 80%
14 Gender: Access to Labour Markets +0.50 75%
15 Climate Change: Energy and Energy Efficiency +0.40 70%
Migration: Addressing Needs
17 Corruption: Resilience +0.25 63%

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Table 9: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Commitment — G20 Research Group

Rank Commitment Average
1 Digitalization: Digital Economy +0.95 98%
2 Tax Administration: Fair and Modern System +0.90 95%
3 Sustainable Development Goals: Alignment +0.85 93%
4 Health: Health System Strengthening +0.80 90%
5 Macroeconomics: Inclusive Business Ecosystems +0.75 88%
6 Trade: Trade and Investment Frameworks +0.70 85%
7 Gender: Access to Labour Markets +0.50 75%
8 Climate Change: Energy and Energy Efficiency +0.40 70%
Migration: Addressing Needs
10 Corruption: Resilience +0.25 63%

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Table 10: 2017 G20 Hamburg Summit Interim Compliance by Commitment — CIIR

Rank Commitment Average
1 Financial Regulation: Basel III +1.00 100%
International Taxation: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting
3 Energy: Sustainable Energy +0.75 88%
4 Environment: Waste Reduction +0.70 85%
5 Climate Change: Climate Resilience +0.65 83%
Food and Agriculture: Information and Communications Technologies
7 Development: Digital and Financial Literacy +0.60 80%

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Table 11: G20 Compliance by Member, 2008–2017

  Final Final Final Final Final Final Final Final Final Final Interim Final
Member Washington
2008
London
2009
Pittsburgh
2009
Toronto
2010
Seoul
2010
Cannes
2011
Los Cabos
2012
St. Petersburg
2013
Brisbane
2014
Antalya
2015
Hangzhou
2016
Argentina 0 50% −0.60 20% −0.13 44% 0 50% −0.08 46% 0 50% +0.31 66% +0.06 53% +0.06 53% +0.53 76% +0.42 71% +0.63 82%
Australia n/a +0.60 80% +0.50 75% +0.56 78% +0.85 93% +0.67 84% +0.94 97% +0.63 81% +0.59 79% +0.65 82% +0.79 89% +0.79 89%
Brazil +1.00 100% +0.20 60% −0.63 19% +0.29 65% +0.42 71% +0.60 80% +0.56 78% +0.31 66% +0.12 56% +0.53 76% +0.32 66% +0.58 79%
Canada +1.00 100% +0.60 80% +0.63 82% +0.78 89% +0.69 85% +0.73 87% +0.75 88% +0.44 72% +0.71 85% +0.65 82% +0.79 89% +0.84 92%
China 0 50% −0.40 30% +0.13 57% +0.38 69% +0.42 71% +0.53 77% +0.38 69% +0.19 59% +0.59 79% +0.59 79% +0.63 82% +0.74 87%
France +1.00 100% +0.80 90% +0.63 82% +0.56 78% +0.77 89% +0.60 80% +0.69 85% +0.69 84% +0.63 81% +0.71 85% +0.58 79% +0.63 82%
Germany +1.00 100% +0.80 90% +0.63 82% +0.56 78% +0.54 77% +0.67 84% +0.56 78% +0.75 88% +0.69 84% +0.71 85% +0.58 79% +0.79 89%
India 0 50% −0.40 30% −0.38 31% −0.29 36% +0.42 71% +0.60 80% +0.50 75% +0.63 81% +0.59 79% +0.65 82% +0.32 66% +0.63 82%
Indonesia n/a −0.40 30% −0.63 19% −0.13 44% +0.36 68% +0.14 57% +0.47 74% +0.50 75% +0.12 56% +0.18 59% +0.37 68% +0.53 76%
Italy +1.00 100% 0 50% +0.13 57% +0.56 78% +0.77 89% +0.80 90% +0.19 60% +0.44 72% +0.13 56% +0.71 85% +0.16 58% +0.32 66%
Japan +1.00 100% +0.20 60% +0.50 75% +0.56 78% +0.62 81% +0.47 74% +0.50 75% +0.31 66% +0.65 82% +0.35 68% +0.37 68% +0.68 84%
Korea n/a 0 50% +0.75 88% +0.56 78% +0.46 73% +0.60 80% +0.63 82% +0.38 69% +0.65 82% +0.53 76% +0.37 68% +0.68 84%
Mexico +1.00 100% 0 50% +0.25 63% −0.14 43% +0.58 79% +0.67 84% +0.69 85% +0.38 69% +0.47 74% +0.53 76% +0.42 71% +0.53 76%
Russia 0 50% +0.40 70% +0.38 69% +0.13 57% +0.59 80% +0.60 80% +0.63 82% +0.44 72% +0.47 74% +0.47 74% +0.53 76% +0.68 84%
Saudi Arabia n/a +0.20 60% −0.13 44% −0.13 44% +0.08 54% +0.21 61% +0.50 75% +0.06 53% −0.24 38% +0.35 68% +0.26 63% +0.42 71%
South Africa +1.00 100% +0.40 70% +0.63 82% −0.14 43% +0.33 67% +0.47 74% +0.47 74% +0.25 63% −0.12 44% +0.24 62% +0.21 61% +0.37 68%
Turkey n/a +0.20 60% −0.25 38% −0.14 43% +0.17 59% +0.20 60% +0.25 63% +0.25 63% 0 50% +0.41 71% +0.21 61% +0.37 68%
United Kingdom +1.00 100% +1.00 100% +0.50 75% +0.78 89% +0.77 89% +0.87 94% +0.81 91% +0.75 88% +0.76 88% +0.71 85% +0.53 76% +0.47 74%
United States 0 50% +0.40 70% +1.00 100% +0.33 67% +0.38 69% +0.53 77% +0.81 91% +0.69 84% +0.76 88% +0.71 85% +0.53 76% +0.42 71%
European Union +1.00 100% +0.60 80% +0.38 69% +0.57 79% +0.82 91% +0.85 93% +0.75 88% +0.63 81% +0.75 88% +0.81 91% +0.58 79% +0.84 92%
Average +0.67 83% +0.23 62% +0.24 62% +0.28 64% +0.50 75% +0.54 77% +0.57 79% +0.44 72% +0.42 71% +0.55 77% +0.45 72% +0.60 80%

n/a = not available

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